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Physical phenomena with reduced dimensions

Physical phenomena with reduced dimensions

Several research groups focus on the physical properties unique to reduced dimensions and nano-objects, such as surfaces, nanostructures, molecules and atoms. We experimentally and theoretically investigate the magnetization dynamics of magnetic materials, the (quantum) electronic properties at low temperatures of mesoscopic circuits or individual molecules, the thermodynamics of surfaces or nanostructures, the dynamics of growth, photonic gaps and states in nano-photonic structures, the electromagnetic response and electronic structure of individual nano-objects. The characterization of individual or ensembles of nano-objects is achieved with complementary techniques: low-energy electron diffraction, high-energy electron spectroscopy and microscopy, X-Ray scattering, ion desorption by impact of very low energy electrons, and optical microscopy.

A nanotube peapod.

Sample for the measurement of high-frequency current fluctuations.

Photonic structure fabricated with a focus ion beam.

Scientific teams:
- Nanosecond Transport in Nanostructures
- Imaging and Dynamics in Magnetism
- Electron microscopy
- Matter and Radiation
- Mesoscopic physics
- Artificial structures and self-organisation
- Theory

Research topics:
Materials and techniques:
- Magnetism
- Superconductivity, superfluidity
- Quantum coherence
- Mesoscopic physics
- Molecular electronics
- Nanophotonics
- Structure of nano-objects
- Impurities and defects
- Surfaces
- Carbon nanotubes
- Nanowires
- Fullerene molecules
- Magnetic nanostructures
- Photonic nanostructures
- Surfaces

- X-Rays

- Electronic Energy Loss Spectroscopy (EELS)

- Optics

- Models, simulations

- Low temperatures

- High frequencies

- Electronic transport

- Electron microscopy (SEM)

- Atomic force microscope (AFM)

- Magnetic force microscope (MFM)

- Focused ion beam (FIB)

- Low-energy electron diffraction (LEED)

- Oscillating LEED in thermal mode (TOLEED)

- Ultra-high vacuum (UHV)


Recent publications:


  • Semeraro EF, Hengl N, Karrouch M, et al. Layered organization of anisometric cellulose nanocrystals and beidellite clay particles accumulated near the membrane surface during cross-flow ultrafiltration: In situ SAXS and ex situ SEM/WAXD characterization. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. 2020;584:124030. Available at: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0927775719310210. Accessed October 9, 2019.


  • Akhtar W, Hrabec A, Chouaieb S, et al. Current-Induced Nucleation and Dynamics of Skyrmions in a Co -based Heusler Alloy. Physical Review Applied. 2019;11(3):034066. Available at: https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.11.034066. Accessed June 19, 2019.

  • Assouline A, Feuillet-Palma C, Bergeal N, et al. Spin-Orbit induced phase-shift in Bi2Se3 Josephson junctions. Nature Communications. 2019;10(1). Available at: http://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-08022-y. Accessed January 24, 2019.

  • Basset J, Watfa D, Aiello G, et al. High kinetic inductance microwave resonators made by He-Beam assisted deposition of tungsten nanowires. Applied Physics Letters. 2019;114(10):102601.

  • Bisognin R, Bartolomei H, Kumar M, et al. Publisher Correction: Microwave photons emitted by fractionally charged quasiparticles. Nature Communications. 2019;10(1):2231.

  • Bisognin R, Bartolomei H, Kumar M, et al. Microwave photons emitted by fractionally charged quasiparticles. Nature Communications. 2019;10(1):1708.

  • Borin A, Safi I, Sukhorukov E. Coulomb drag effect induced by the third cumulant of current. Physical Review B. 2019;99(16):165404.

  • Brazovskii S, Kirova N. From chiral anomaly to two-fluid hydrodynamics for electronic vortices. Annals of Physics. 2019;403:184-197.

  • Brun B, Martins F, Faniel S, et al. Thermoelectric Scanning-Gate Interferometry on a Quantum Point Contact. Physical Review Applied. 2019;11(3):034069. Available at: https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.11.034069. Accessed June 19, 2019.

  • Campos A, Troc N, Cottancin E, et al. Plasmonic quantum size effects in silver nanoparticles are dominated by interfaces and local environments. Nature Physics. 2019;15(3):275-280.