Moyen amphi (LPS) + ONLINE (Zoom)
Moyen amphi (LPS) + ONLINE (Zoom)


20 Oct 2022


11h00 - 12h00

M.GARST: Magnetic skyrmion strings: How they bend, twist and vibrate

Magnetic skyrmions are smooth topological textures of the magnetization that are localized within a two-dimensional plane. They arise in magnetic systems that lack inversion symmetry where they are stabilized by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. In bulk materials, magnetic skyrmions extend in the third direction forming an effective string. Such skyrmion strings either arise as excitations or they condense and form a crystal. These strings can be dynamically excited resulting in various vibrational modes.

I will provide an overview of the dynamics of skrymion strings [1], that can be found in chiral magnets like MnSi or FeGe, and I’ll compare theoretical predictions with magnetic resonance spectroscopy [2], spin-wave spectroscopy [3], inelastic neutron scattering [4] and Brillouin light scattering [5]. At high energies, the spin-wave dynamics is governed by an emergent orbital magnetic field that is directly linked to the topological density of the skyrmions. As a result, magnon Landau levels emerge in skyrmion crystals. At low energies the dynamics is determined by an effective elasticity theory of the strings. I show that a single string supports non-linear solitary waves [6] similar to vortex filaments in fluids. 

[1] M. Garst, J. Waizner, D. Grundler, J.Phys.D: Appl.Phys. 50, 293002(2017)
[2] T. Schwarze et al., Nat. Mater. 14, 478 (2015)
[3] S. Seki et al., Nat. Commun. 11, 256 (2020)
[4] T. Weber et al. Science 375, 1025 (2022)
[5] N.Ogawa et al. PNAS 118, e2022927118(2021); C.Ping, D.Grundler, R.Ciola et al., unpublished
[6] V. P. Kravchuk et al., Phys. Rev. B 102, 220408(R) (2020).